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Life in Freshwater

Succession is concerned with community development over time. Find out more in our general section on Succession

5th Stage of Hydrosere - Stabilisation

The decline in species through competition results in a stabised community of those that can survive the swampland that predominates. Changes are slight with this community of alder and willow. These produce a canopy of leaves which restrict light and therefore what other plants can grow.

This encourages just those species able to develop in early spring before the canopy forms, e.g. Marsh Marigolds and certain sedges.

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